Restoring a prairie landscape takes many forms, from assembling habitat and reestablishing fire to rebuilding natural water flows. To help guide Reserve management, we rely on the Freese Scale developed by conservation biologist Dr. Curt Freese with Dr. Kyran Kunkel and Dr. Sam Fuhlendorf. The Freese Scale looks at the prairie through ten different lenses that help determine if a grassland ecosystem is fully functioning.
One of these lenses focuses on natural stream flows and healthy riparian areas. Prairie streams once supported a wide array of plants and wildlife, including nearly half of all prairie birds. However, much of this habitat has been lost over the last century.
Today, the Reserve is home to several intact riparian sites with impressive biodiversity, especially when migratory shorebirds arrive each spring. Collaborators like World Wildlife Fund and the Montana Conservation Corps have helped restore sites in the Sun Prairie region along Box Elder and Telegraph Creeks, and last year’s PRO volunteers planted trees and shrubs along Third Creek. We also continue to assess opportunities for diversion dam removal that would help restore connectivity across the Reserve, greatly improving our Freese Scale ratings.
HOW DOES THE FREESE SCALE WORK?
Each year, our land managers and range specialists rate the regions of the Reserve according to the Freese Scale, taking into account additional data from experts, partners, and the Landmark program. The total score for a particular area is recorded and retained, allowing for annual comparisons. Armed with this information, we decide what approaches in management could lead to improved score. This measurable yet flexible structure is part of our adaptive management approach to all Reserve lands. Learn more and see current ratings.
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